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There are three primary theories in psychology, and these approaches started to be more established at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, psychologists began to focus their arguments more on facts, things that could be qualified and measured, than that in beliefs and or hypothesis as they used to do in the past.  

According to the English dictionary, the word "learning" means; to acquire knowledge by a system of acting on reading, reflecting and or investigating something. Moreover, in psychology, the attention is more in the behaviour and the impact that this process have on the individual by their practice, train and or experience in a specific subject.


Psychologists also take into consideration the environment and its influences during the learning process, and their focal points are; observation, association, reinforcement and punishment. 

The three main theories that argued these four points were; the theory of Classical Conditioning,

Operant Conditioning and Social Learning.


Here is a synthesis of these three theories written by Kendra Cherry | Reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD

Updated June 01, 2017.

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